China Emergency Light Manufacturers – Standard For Emergency Lighting: What?
The law requires emergency lighting to be applied to all public areas of non-residential buildings and multi-dwelling houses (HMOs). In the event of an emergency, the building’s main power source may be cut off, so normal lighting does not provide direction for the nearest exit or life safety equipment such as fire extinguishers, broken glasses, switchboards and fire alarm panels.
The China Emergency Light Manufacturers stated that when the main power supply to the building is cut off, the occupants may find themselves in a sudden darkness, which may cause physical danger and panic. The emergency light is a battery-powered lighting device that automatically turns on when a building loses power. Therefore, a series of emergency lights are needed to help the occupants of the building remain safe when they find the nearest exit.
British emergency lighting standards provide designers with clear guidelines. While the standard recommends the type and duration of emergency lighting systems for different types of buildings, it is worth noting that the standards specify the minimum level of safety required, so higher standards may apply to specific buildings, such as failed factory lighting. It can lead to immediate danger.
What are the criteria for emergency lighting?
Emergency lighting in the UK and Europe is now covered by a series of interdependent standards that can be considered to form the levels shown below.
Basic guidance document
The “BS 5266-1: 2011 Housing Emergency Lighting Code” provides general rules and guidance for the provision and operation of emergency lighting in most homes outside the home.
’BS EN 1838:1999 / BS 5266-7:1999 Lighting Applications – Emergency Lighting’ specifies the lighting required for emergency lighting systems (including brightness, duration and colour).
’BS EN 50172:2004 / BS 5266-8:2004 Emergency Escape Lighting System’ specifies the minimum and test of emergency lighting for different houses.
’BS EN 60598-1:2008 Luminaires – General requirements and tests’ See special requirements for the 60598 series.
’BS EN 62034:2006 Battery-Powered Emergency Escape Lighting Automatic Test System’ specifies a test system for battery-powered emergency lighting.
The ‘BS EN 50171:2001 Central Power Supply System’ specifies the central power supply system for emergency lighting.
For more information on all of the above, please visit your local reference library or purchase a copy online from BSI.
Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 (RRFSO)
The HM Government’s entry-level guidance RRFSO is used for different types of non-residential buildings, and the public areas of the Multi-Family Housing (HMO) each have a section entitled “Further Guidance for Emergency Escape Lighting”, which provides additional relevant information. You can access the guide here.
Who is responsible for ensuring a compliant emergency lighting system?
The legal basis for emergency lighting is basically the same as the fire protection regulations, because the building owner/management agent is the “responsible person” stipulated by the regulations. Therefore, they must ensure the correct supply and operation of the emergency lighting system, including:
Appoint competent designers, installers and maintenance personnel.
According to the latest version of the emergency lighting standard defined in BS5266, the implementation year – and in the major changes – risk assessment.
Performed its duties in accordance with the 2005 Fire Protection Reform Order.
Although the building owner/management agent has the ultimate responsibility, there are several other roles to consider, and each role has its own responsibility to comply.
Emergency lighting systems must be designed based on building owner/management agent risk assessments, using emergency lighting standards and best practice documents as a baseline to ensure safe escape from the building.
The emergency lighting system must be installed in accordance with the designer’s documentation.
They must test and debug the system through the photometer and electrical (if necessary).
They must provide a “suitable” file to represent the actual installation.
After the installation is complete, the system must be switched to the maintenance staff.
Responsible for continuous inspection, testing and maintenance of the system.
They must record information and maintain an emergency lighting log.
They must keep abreast of all revisions to emergency lighting standards to ensure that the system remains compliant.
They must conduct an annual review of the system.
Facility management team
A daily visual inspection of the fire test and emergency lighting must be performed weekly before occupying the building.
The above must be recorded in the emergency lighting log.